MARCH 2, 2018 — As the session hit its official halfway point, one piece of legislation important to the financial services industry to a major step forward, while another, thankfully, took a major step back.
On Thursday, the Alabama Senate unanimously approved Senate Bill 318, the “Alabama Data Breach Notification Act.” Sponsored by Sen. Arthur Orr (R-Decatur), the legislation would require entities, including governmental entities, to provide notice to affected persons upon a breach of security that results in the unauthorized acquisition of sensitive personally identifying information. Financial institutions have been subject to federal data breach notification requirements for nearly 20 years, but other entities in Alabama have not, since Alabama and South Dakota are the only two states without a data breach notification law. Incidentally, the South Dakota legislature is working on a data breach bill as well and will likely enact legislation before Alabama. Importantly, financial institutions that are compliant with federal data breach notification laws will be exempt from Senate Bill 318 so long as the Alabama Attorney General receives a copy of any data breach notification that the institution had to send to 1,000 or more affected Alabamians.
The day before, the Senate committee charged with writing the State General Fund budget voted down legislation that would have doubled the fee paid to record a mortgage or deed of trust with a local probate judge. Sponsored by Sen. Linda Coleman-Madison (D-Birmingham), Senate Bill 242 would have increased the mortgage record tax from $.15 to $.30 for each $1,000 of indebtedness. In total, the measure would have generated $47 million in new revenue, with half of the funds distributed to the Alabama Housing Trust Fund. Created by statute several years ago, funds in the AHTF were to be awarded by an advisory board that included a representative of the Alabama Bankers Association. But since the AHTF was never funded, the board was never constituted. In fact, just last week, the Legislature approved a bill that abolished dozens of inactive boards and commissions, including the AHTF Advisory Board. So even if Senate Bill 242 somehow passed, it is unclear how the AHTF money would have been distributed. And while this particular legislation might be dead for the session, the idea of significantly increasing the mortgage record tax is still very much on the table for next year, when the State General Fund is projected to face what might be a shortfall of $100 million or more. Along with several other trade groups the association did not support this legislation and was glad to see the committee vote it down.
As always, Capitol Notes provides readers with a brief summary of legislation that might impact Alabama’s banking industry. Those summaries are as follows:
House Bill 90 by Rep. Kerry Rich (R-Albertville) and Senate Bill 30 by Sen. Clay Scofield (R-Arab) make technical changes to an association-supported law passed in 2015 related to the right of redemption for homesteaded properties. Current law caps the redemption period for these properties at 180 days, while the redemption period for all other types of properties is one year. In exchange for the shorter redemption period, legislators in 2015 required that a property owner be notified via certified mail of his redemption rights. These bills merely stipulate that even if this notice is defective, the redemption period is the same as it is for all other types of properties (i.e., one year). It also states that being able to prove the notice was mailed is a defense to a claim that the notice was never received. House Bill 90 was signed into law by Gov. Ivey on Feb. 22.
House Bill 100 by Rep. Will Ainsworth (R-Guntersville) and Senate Bill 60 by Sen. Clay Scofield (R-Arab) are association-drafted bills aimed at correcting an issue in state law that was discovered last year. With the exception of county commissions, all public depositors are allowed to elect their qualified public depository at any time, meaning a local school board could theoretically deposit its public funds in Bank A on a Monday, only to draw them out and deposit them in Bank B the next day. With county commissions, however, the qualified public depository must be elected the first week of every December and used for the entirety of the subsequent year. These bills simply allow county commissions, like all other public depositors, to elect their depository at any time. The Senate bill has passed the Legislature and currently awaits Gov. Ivey’s signature.
House Bill 117 by Rep. Paul Beckman (R-Prattville) would specify that a civil action to recover debt on an open-end credit plan, including credit card or similar revolving debt, would be required to be commenced within six years. Proponents of this legislation believe that this bill merely cements current law, though opponents say that, under certain circumstances, the appropriate Statute of Limitations is three years. This bill now awaits action by the full House. However, because an amendment was adopted in committee over the objections of the sponsor and the proponents of the bill, future action on this legislation is uncertain.
House Bill 183 by Rep. Paul Beckman (R-Prattville) and Senate Bill 227 by Sen. Greg Albritton (R-Atmore) is the Uniform Trust Decanting Act (UTDA). Drafted by the Alabama Law Institute, the UTDA allows a trustee to reform an irrevocable trust document within reasonable limits that ensure the trust will achieve the settlor’s original intent. The act prevents decanting when it would defeat a charitable or tax-related purpose of the settlor. Approved in 2015 by the Uniform Law Commission, Alabama would be the sixth state to adopt the UTDA. House Bill 183 was favorably reported by the Senate Banking and Insurance Committee this week. It now awaits action by the full Senate.
House Bill 181 by Rep. Matt Fridy (R-Montevallo) and Senate Bill 152 by Sen. Rodger Smitherman (D-Birmingham) is the Uniform Voidable Transfers Act (UVTA), another Alabama Law Institute/Uniform Law Commission bill. In short, the UVTA, which would replace Alabama’s version of the Uniform Fraudulent Transfers Act, strengthens creditor protections by providing remedies for certain transactions by a debtor that are unfair to the debtor’s creditors. Senate Bill 152 passed the Legislature and now awaits Gov. Ivey’s signature.
House Bill 248 by Rep. Kyle South (R-Fayette) and Senate Bill 201 by Sen. Trip Pittman (R-Montrose) is the Alabama First-time Home Buyer Savings Account Act, which allows first-time home buyers to establish a first-time home buyer savings account to save funds for a down payment and closing costs for the purchase of a home. The holder of one of these special accounts would be provided with an annual state income tax deduction of up to $6,000 (or $12,000 for joint accounts) for up to five years. The House version of this bill was favorably reported this week by the Senate Finance and Taxation Education Committee. It now awaits action by the full Senate.
House Bill 273 by Rep. Patricia Todd (D-Birmingham) and Senate Bill 242 by Sen. Linda Coleman-Madison (D-Birmingham) doubles the Mortgage Record Tax and allocates the revenues to the Alabama Housing Trust Fund, which has never before received funding from this tax (or from the state), as well as to the state, the counties, and the Probate Judges, each of which already received a portion of the Mortgage Record Tax. The Senate version of this bill was voted down by the Senate Finance and Taxation General Fund Committee earlier this week.
House Bill 354 by Rep. Corley Ellis (R-Columbiana) and Senate Bill 261 by Sen. Gerald Dial (R-Lineville) would make significant revisions to the tax lien sale procedures used by counties. For instance, among other things, the bill would authorize tax liens to be sold via auction to the bidder with the lowest interest rate not to exceed 12 percent. The legislation is being pushed by the Association of County Commissions of Alabama. They have agreed to work with our Association as well as the Alabama Association of Realtors on some suggested changes. The House County and Municipal Government Committee adopted an agreed-upon substitute version of the House bill earlier this week. It now awaits action by the full House.
House Bill 410 by Rep. Phil Williams (R-Huntsville) and Senate Bill 318 by Sen. Arthur Orr (R-Decatur) is the Data Breach Notification Act. Generally speaking, this legislation requires entities to provide notice to affected persons upon a breach of security that results in the unauthorized acquisition of sensitive personally identifying information. Alabama and South Dakota are the only two states without some sort of data breach notification act. Importantly, thanks to the Association’s efforts, the legislation exempts any entities, such as financial institutions, that are subject to and compliant with federal data breach notification regulations and guidance. The Senate version of this bill unanimously passed the full Senate this week. The House Technology and Research Committee is expected to take up the Senate bill in the near future.
House Bill 417 by Rep. Chris Blackshear (R-Phenix City) and Senate Bill 321 by Sen. Linda Coleman-Madison (D-Birmingham) is the Examination of Bank Service Providers Act. Under this bill, a company providing data processing-, “financial-,” or “internet”-related services to a bank can be subject to regulation and examination by the superintendent of banks when deemed necessary to ensure the safe and sound operation of the serviced bank or to respond to a danger or potential danger to the public welfare. In lieu of performing an examination under this bill, the superintendent may accept an examination performed on the service provider within the previous two years by another state or federal regulator. This bill is modeled after legislation drafted by the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and was introduced at the urging of the State Banking Department. The Banking Department has been working with various industry groups on some amendatory language. Expect these bills to start moving next week.
House Bill 426 by Rep. Chris England (D-Tuscaloosa) and Senate Bill 337 by Sen. Rodger Smitherman (D-Birmingham) makes numerous revisions to Alabama’s Uniform Condominium Act. A legislative project spearheaded by the Alabama Law Institute, the association was involved in crafting language relative to a lien that a condo association might place on the property. Significant questions arose over who had lien priority and what fees and costs, such as attorney’s fees, could be included in the lien. The introduced version of the bill represents significant work done by Association attorneys on behalf of ABA member banks. The Senate version of this bill was favorably reported out of committee this week and now awaits action by the full Senate.
Senate Bill 53 by Sen. Clyde Chambliss (R-Prattville) requires the closing statement used to finalize real estate transactions to delineate, if applicable, the amount of the real estate appraisal fee that went to an appraisal management company. While the association has no position on the fee disclosure provisions of this legislation, it strongly objects to modifying the closing statement. Sen. Chambliss understands our concerns and has agreed to work with us on a solution.
Senate Bill 92 by Sen. Arthur Orr (R-Decatur) revises Alabama law related to unemployment compensation by basing the maximum amount of unemployment benefits on a variable rate. The rate would vary based on the state’s unemployment rate, meaning a recipient would receive benefits for a longer duration during tough economic times and a shorter duration during positive economic times. According to the National Federation of Independent Businesses, Alabama would be the sixth state to pass this bill (or something similar) and the state’s unemployment compensation trust fund would likely realize a savings of over $50 million annually. The bill has passed the Senate and now awaits action by a House committee.
As of the end of the 16th legislative day, representatives and senators have introduced 842 bills – 480 in the House and 362 in the Senate – and 381 resolutions. Of those 1,183 measures, 145 have been signed into law as of this writing. The 2018 Regular Session can last for no more than 30 legislative days and must end on or before April 23. The Legislature will reconvene for the 17th legislative day on March 6.
Questions or comments? Contact Jason Isbell, ABA’s Vice President of Legal and Governmental Affairs, by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.